After I published this post this morning, I found more information from 1861 through the Cornwall Online Census Project which lists, Thomas as age 33, a Tailor and Grocer, and his wife Sophia age 29. What is especially interesting to me as a Harper, is that Mary Harper, age 49 and a Dressmaker, is a boarder in their home.
Church Village Grocer's Shop,1,Thomas Olver Rich,Head,M,33,,Tailor & Grocer,Cornwall,, ,,,Sophia Rich,Wife,M,,29,,Ladock Cornwall,, ,,,Thomas Olver Rich,Son,U,3,,,Cornwall,, ,,,Mary Sophia Rich,Dau,U,,1,,Cornwall,, ,,,Elizabeth Jane Rich,Dau,U,,1,, Cornwall,, ,,,George Green,Ap,U,18,,Appren.To Tailor,St Breward Cornwall,, ,,,Ellen Pengelly,Serv,U,,16,House Serv,Blisland Cornwall,, ,,,Mary Harper,Boardr,U,,49,Dressmaker,St Cleer Cornwall,,
Sophia died in 1865 and by the 1871 census, Thomas, age 42 was married to Ellen age 26, listed below along with some children from his first marriage and Headly, his 9 month old child with Ellen.
Grocers Shop,1,Thomas Olver Rich,Head,M,42,,Mercer/grocer/frmr 100acr 1man,Cornwall,, ,,,Ellen Rich,Wife,M,,26,Farmers Wife,Cornwall,, ,,,Thomas Olver Rich,Son,S,13,,Farmers Son,Cornwall,, ,,,Mary Sophia Rich,Dau,S,,11,Scholar, Cornwall,, ,,,Elizabeth Jane Rich,Dau,S,,11,Scholar, Cornwall,, ,,,Matthew John Rich,Son,S,9,,Scholar,Cornwall,, ,,,Nehemiah Rich,Son,S,7,,Scholar,Cornwall,, ,,,Headly Rich,Son,S,9m,,,Cornwall,, ,,,John Reynolds,Servnt,S,29,,Tailor,Redruth Cornwall,, ,,,Susanna Sleeman,Servnt,S,,18,Dom Srvnt,St Kew Cornwall,,
The most interesting part of this story is that Thomas did marry a Pengelly, but it was not his first wife as the ancestry sites imply. If you check the listing for 1861 and 1871, in 1861 there was a 16 year servant, Ellen Pengelly living in the house and by 1871 ten years later there was a Ellen (now Rich) age 26 living in the house. Unless I am mistaken, it appears Thomas married his house servant, Ellen sometime after his first wife died.
Doing a bit more research on different ancestry sites, it looks as if people researching their family history from this line will be led to believe that they are related to the Pengelly side which is only true for the children who came later and not the first six children that Thomas had with Sophia. Since the only information I have found for wife and mother is listed as, unknown: PENGELLY, there may be some confusion cleared up today.
UPDATE: I had to come back and share this once I discovered it. It looks from the census data below as if Thomas fathered two sets of twin girls, one with each wife. Also interesting to note is the Rich family lived in the house which stands next to the pub and dates from the seventeenth century. The Rich family used to own the pub and I wonder if Harold Rich is descended from Thomas Olver Rich.
What do you think?